Heart weeks: How do heart diseases develop?

Heart weeks: How do heart diseases develop?

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Experts provide information at numerous events as part of the Herzwochen
Cardiovascular diseases are often associated with avoidable stress, for example through unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, overweight or tobacco consumption. Millions of people in Germany are affected, whereby the diseases often assume life-threatening proportions, such as in the form of a heart attack. As part of the current heart weeks, which run throughout November, experts throughout Germany provide information on the risks of cardiovascular diseases and possible preventive measures.

An estimated six million people in Germany suffer from coronary heart disease alone (CHD), according to the German Heart Foundation's announcement on the occasion of the current Heart Weeks. At numerous free events, experts provide information during the heart weeks on site about “risk prevention, options for diagnosis and treatment (stent treatment, bypass surgery, medication) of CHD and heart attack,” reports the German Heart Foundation. Questions about other heart problems are also answered.

Heart attack risk test
The Heart Foundation provides all event dates for the current Heart Weeks and advice information for those interested on its website. Furthermore, the foundation provides detailed information on the events taking place in its newsletter. In addition, the Heart Foundation offers a free heart attack risk test online, in which your own heart attack risk can be determined. This risk test can also be ordered as a leaflet free of charge from the German Heart Foundation at Tel. 069 955128-400 or by e-mail at [email protected]

Facts about heart disease
On the occasion of the Herzwochen 2015, the Techniker Krankenkasse (TK) has summarized a number of interesting facts about the heart in a current press release. For example:

  • Cardiovascular diseases the most common cause of death in Germany (around 350,000 deaths due to heart attack, heart failure etc.),
  • Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt the states with the most deaths, Mecklenburg-West Pomerania and Saarland the states with the fewest
  • chances of survival of acute heart attack increased by 40 percent in the past 20 years,
  • Smoking, obesity, lack of exercise and stress are the main risk factors,
    Sports muffle more often affected by cardiovascular complaints (around 30 percent) than recreational athletes (around 18 percent),
  • the symptoms in women and men are often very different. (According to TK, women are more likely than men to show fear of death, nausea and vomiting, pain in the left arm, in the back and left shoulder blade as well as in the area of ​​the jaw and neck angle).

Other TK facts about the heart:

  • Women have a better chance of surviving an acute heart attack. The death rate for men is a good fifth higher. However, women die more often from all other heart diseases such as heart failure, irregular heartbeat and valve disorders.
  • A healthy diet prevents heart diseases. Particularly healthy foods are sea fish such as mackerel, salmon and herring, as well as legumes, fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • The right fats keep the heart functional and the vessels elastic. High-quality vegetable oils such as olive, rapeseed, safflower, corn germ or sunflower oil are healthy. They contain unsaturated fatty acids, which have a positive effect on cholesterol levels, protect the heart and blood vessels. Animal fats from meat and dairy products should only be consumed in reduced quantities.
  • Salt goes to the heart: Salt is vital, but with an increased supply the blood volume of the body cells increases, so that the heart has to do more work. Better: reduce salt and use spices, garlic and herbs instead.
  • Thoroughly drinking: With 1.5 to 2 liters of non-alcoholic liquid a day, the kidneys remain functional, which are largely responsible for blood pressure.
  • The TK nutritional study shows that more than one in four low-wage earners, but only 14 percent of the top earners have cardiovascular problems.
  • A big problem: According to the TK nutrition study, more than one in three very overweight people complains of cardiovascular complaints. In the normal-weight group, “only” every fifth
  • Exercise is healthy - why actually? An untrained heart works less efficiently and has to work harder. It takes 20 beats per minute to pump the same amount of blood, so it takes more work and ages faster.
  • Sport as (cardiac) therapy - a TK model project shows that after six months of training, the average 65-year-old patient had reduced weight and abdominal circumference, and improved cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
  • Pills for the pump 1/3: According to the TK health report, statistically speaking, every working person received cardiovascular medication for almost three months (88 daily doses) in 2014. That is almost 40 percent more than in 2005.
  • Pills for the pump 2/3: According to the TK health report, men receive 86 percent more heart medication than women.
  • Pills for the pump 3/3: 45 percent of all medications that men are prescribed are cardiovascular preparations. For women, only a quarter of the pills go to the pump.
  • Seven out of ten men in Germany admit that they could preventively do more for their health. Just under 30 percent think they are already doing enough. 65 percent of women think they could do more.
  • A Forsa survey commissioned by TK showed that four percent of the students already have cardiovascular complaints or high blood pressure. Students in economics and law, as well as aspiring doctors and psychologists, are both affected to an above-average degree, each with seven percent.
  • Of course? The national guideline for the treatment of coronary artery disease sets clear guidelines: Patients with more than two diseased cardiac vessels or a significant main stem stenosis should receive a bypass operation. However, TK data show that four out of ten patients only get so-called stents from their doctor despite severe heart problems.
  • Almost 170,000 heart surgeries are performed here every year. Men have heart problems almost twice as often as women.
    Germany before (cardiac) arrest: According to the TK movement study, the unmoved in the republic are now in the majority. 52 percent said they rarely or never moved.
  • Cardiovascular medication accounts for around every tenth euro spent on medication.
  • Heart in stress: stress is healthy - it ensures that the body can perform at its best. But only if he can also regenerate in between. If the heart is permanently under stress and constantly has to beat faster, it is overused and ages faster.
  • Good for the heart: The best anti-stress program is friends and family. According to the TK-CampusKompass, 93 percent of students state that the best way to relax is to meet their loved ones.
  • According to the Society for Pediatric Cardiology, every 100th child in Germany is born with a congenital heart defect. That is about 6500 babies a year.
  • Organ donation: Every two years, the health insurance companies send organ donation cards to their insured, on which they can document their decision for or against organ donation. You can also release individual organs or exclude them from your donation. Some donors take their heart from the donation because they suspect their soul there. In 2014 there were 304 heart transplants - at the same time 512 patients waiting for a donor heart were added to the waiting list.
  • Broken Hearts: Eight out of ten hearts break for the first time before they are 17. According to a study by the University of Bielefeld, 82 percent of 16-year-olds already had lovesickness.
  • Heartache: The British Garth Sundem developed a formula for how long a broken heart has to heal: √M x (L x Nw x Kj +25) / (E + S +25). From the relationship duration (M in months), the strength of love (L on a scale of 1-10), the nights spent together each week (Nw), the communication after the separation (Kj), the decision to end the relationship (E; 10 for “self-termination”, 1 for “abandoned”) and self-esteem (S on a scale of 1 to 10) are the number of months of lovesickness.

The Heart Weeks provide a wide range of opportunities to obtain comprehensive information about the topic of heart health and, if necessary, to discuss individual questions directly with the experts on site. (fp)

Author and source information

Video: Risk Factors for Heart Disease: Blood Pressure


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