Sick humanity: Most of the people are sick

Sick humanity: Most of the people are sick


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95 percent of people have health problems
The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 found that a large number of people around the world are not healthy. The international team of researchers with more than 1,000 experts from over 100 countries has published its analysis of the state of human health in the specialist magazine "The Lancet" and included one sobering conclusion drawn. 95 percent of people worldwide complain of at least one ailment, many even have several complaints at the same time, reports the news agency "APA" from the current study results.

The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study calculated the amount of acute and chronic illnesses and injuries for the period 1990 and 2013 in 188 countries worldwide. A total of 35,620 different data sources were evaluated in order to extrapolate the spread of 301 diseases and injuries and 2,337 sequelae, the scientists report. It has been shown that diseases and injuries are widespread and only a small proportion of people do not suffer from complications. According to the researchers, the most serious complaints have largely remained the same over the past 23 years, with back pain and depression playing a major role in almost every country in the world. The GBD study measures the impairments caused by the respective complaints using so-called YDL ("Years Lived with Disability" or "Lived Years with Disabilities").

Comprehensive study on global health
According to the researchers, the GBD study is the largest and most comprehensive study of health complaints worldwide, with the data being updated at regular intervals to identify possible trends or developments. For example, in the current GBD study 2013, the scientists found a significant increase in the acute sequelae of infectious diseases and short-term injuries. Significantly more than two billion cases occurred in 2013 for upper respiratory infections and diarrheal diseases, but also for tension headaches. Twelve additional complaints would have shown case numbers between 100 million and one billion, including acute otitis media, toothache from tooth decay, bacterial skin diseases, the clinical consequences of malaria, chlamydia infections, herpes virus infections (including chickenpox and herpes zoster) and acute hepatitis B and acute hepatitis A.

Back pain is the most common impairment
Symptoms with ten million to 100 million sufferers in 2013 included various injuries and poisoning, as well as infections in the form of urinary tract infections, typhoid, hepatitis C and E, dengue fever, gonorrhea, genital herpes, trichomoniasis and diseases of the digestive system, including the Gastritis and duodenitis, gastric ulcers, pancreatitis and appendicitis. Back pain continued to be responsible for most of the YLD. Overall, the researchers observed an increase in the YLD for both sexes from around 538 million in 1990 to 765 million in 2013, which is mainly due to population growth and aging in the modern industrialized nations.

Regional differences in complaints
In their current study, the researchers also found considerable regional differences in the symptoms, which is mainly linked to the living conditions in the individual countries. In the industrialized nations, complaints of the musculoskeletal system such as neck pain or lower back pain are becoming more common and the population suffers from chronic bronchitis relatively frequently, reports the "APA". In addition, many people in the industrialized countries have to deal with impairments due to falls and there is an increase in mental complaints in the form of depression. Furthermore, migraines, diabetes and Alzheimer's, for example, are relatively widespread. In sub-Saharan Africa, however, entirely different problems play a key role. For example, the population here is increasingly suffering from the spread of HIV / AIDS and many people are suffering from health problems as a result of past civil war years.

In their current study, the scientists also announce a positive message, because they conclude that the percentage of years without disabilities in total life has increased from an average of 21 percent in 1990 to 31 percent in 2013. People can therefore enjoy a symptom-free life for a significantly longer time than 23 years ago. (fp)

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