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Stress at work increases the risk of diabetes
A high workload in the job is associated with a significantly increased risk of type 2 diabetes, according to the results of a current analysis of population-based study data by scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum München. The researchers led by Dr. Cornelia Huth and Professor Dr. Karl-Heinz Ladwig published in the journal "Psychosomatic Medicine".
According to the researchers, stress at the workplace has “various negative effects on health.” For example, systemic inflammatory reactions in the body and an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases have already been clearly linked to the stress at work. "Whether and how a high workload influences the development of type 2 diabetes has so far been judged differently," the scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München continue to report. However, the current investigation comes to a clear result. According to this, "People with a high workload and, at the same time, a low level of control over the work performed have an approximately 45 percent higher risk of type 2 diabetes than people with a low workload," according to the Helmholtz Center.
Relationship between workload and diabetes risk The scientists from the Institute for Epidemiology II (EPI II) at the Helmholtz Center Munich (HMGU) evaluated in collaboration with Professor Dr. Johannes Kruse from the University Hospital Gießen and Marburg, the data of over 5,300 working, 29- to 66-year-old participants in the population-based cohort study MONICA / KORA. At the start of the study, none of the participants had diabetes. In the follow-up period over an average of 13 years, however, almost 300 people were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. In the case of those affected, the researchers often found a connection with the specified workload. The "determined increase in risk due to the workload is independent of classic risk factors for diabetes, such as Obesity, age or gender ”, reports the Helmholtz Zentrum München.
New approaches to the prevention of widespread diseases required The evaluation of the researchers also makes it clear that a significant proportion of the workforce in Germany is exposed to considerable stress at work. "According to our data, around one in five employees is affected by a high mental workload," reports Professor Ladwig. This burden does not arise from the "normal job stress", but from very high work requirements with little room for maneuver and decision making. Ladwig continued, both dimensions were recorded in detail in the surveys. The study leader comes to the conclusion that "in view of the massive health consequences of stress-related diseases, preventive measures against common diseases such as diabetes should also be applied at this point." at, the Helmholtz Zentrum München reports. The aim is therefore to develop new approaches for the diagnosis, therapy and prevention of major common diseases. (fp)
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