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Skin cancer: plenty of shade and creaming can protect
In Germany, more and more people are suffering from skin cancer. Experts expect new cases to increase by seven percent annually by 2050. There are still large gaps in knowledge regarding sun protection.
Increase in new cases by seven percent annually In summer it is part of many people in our latitudes to soak up as much sun as possible outside. However, excessive UV radiation without adequate skin protection is by far the largest risk factor for skin cancer, which is still one of the most common cancers in Germany. Experts even expect new cases to increase by seven percent annually by 2050. According to Prof. Eckhard Wilhelm Breitbart of the Dermatological Prevention Working Group (ADP), the short-term, sudden contact of the skin with very intense UV rays, such as during a Caribbean vacation, is particularly beneficial for the development of black skin cancer (malignant melanoma). Continuous UV exposure, such as that of a road worker or farmer, is seen as the main cause of white skin cancer (spinalioma or basalioma), according to a dpa report.
Sunburns are particularly dangerous. Sunburns are particularly dangerous, especially in childhood. But excessive UV contact without sunburn can also lead to skin damage and skin cancer. In addition, the risk increases due to certain individual factors such as fair skin, large congenital birthmarks or many acquired moles. According to Breitbart, however, many people are still wrong when it comes to UV protection: "The biggest mistakes are that the length of stay in the sun is calculated incorrectly and you first rely on a sunscreen." You only need the information on the packaging To achieve protective effects, two milligrams of sunscreen per square centimeter of skin. For a family of three to four, one bottle of sunscreen cream a day would therefore be needed. This easily corresponds to a whole bottle of sun protection cream per day for a family of three or four.
Avoiding the midday sun as far as possible Therefore, only those are protected who reduce UV radiation to a level that is compatible with the skin and avoid the sun, especially in times of very high UV intensity. So it is better not to be on the beach or in the sun during the hours between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m., because around 80 to 90 percent of the dangerous UV radiation falls during this time. For the rest of the time, in addition to sunscreen, only sun-friendly clothing with headgear and sunglasses provides protection. Babies and toddlers should never be exposed to the direct sun.
Protection also necessary when the sky is cloudy As the Federal Association of German Dermatologists (BVDD) announced last year, up to 80 percent of UV radiation still reached the ground even when the sky was cloudy. Therefore, sun protection should also be considered here. In addition, special features should be taken into account, such as that light sand and water reflect the light more intensely, which leads to an increased risk of sunburn on the beach. In addition to UV protection, there is also a need for improvement in early detection. The free skin cancer screening for insured persons aged 35 and over has succeeded in discovering more and more skin cancer diseases at an earlier stage. “But we still see a lot of cases in which the skin cancer has already progressed. Women are more likely to come than men, ”said Lucie Heinzerling, head of the melanoma outpatient clinic at the skin cancer center at the University Hospital Erlangen. However, the usefulness of such examinations is fundamentally controversial, and medical president Montgomery only requested a review of the early detection examinations offered in Germany last month.
Intense UV radiation during long-distance trips Skin cancer is considered to be very curable in the early stages. However, this chance disappears very quickly, especially with black skin cancer. “Malignant melanoma often grows rapidly and forms metastases very early on,” says the researcher. Even younger people sometimes showed advanced melanoma. "I advise my patients to go to skin cancer screening every year, especially patients who have many or noticeable liver spots so that all changes can be recognized at an early stage," says the resident dermatologist Frank Latzke in Alzenau, Bavaria. You can contact your family doctor or a dermatologist for a screening. From Latzke's point of view, the changed leisure behavior is also largely responsible for the increase in skin cancer. For example, young people are exposed to intensive UV radiation early on due to long-distance travel. It is now more common that he already diagnoses white skin cancer, which usually occurs later. (ad)
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